Alejandro Peña Almansa

Papers from this author

InsideBias: Measuring Bias in Deep Networks and Application to Face Gender Biometrics

Ignacio Serna, Alejandro Peña Almansa, Aythami Morales, Julian Fierrez
Track 2: Biometrics, Human Analysis and Behavior Understanding
Tue 12 Jan 2021 at 17:00 in session PS T2.1

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Auto-TLDR; InsideBias: Detecting Bias in Deep Neural Networks from Face Images

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This work explores the biases in learning processes based on deep neural network architectures. We analyze how bias affects deep learning processes through a toy example using the MNIST database and a case study in gender detection from face images. We employ two gender detection models based on popular deep neural networks. We present a comprehensive analysis of bias effects when using an unbalanced training dataset on the features learned by the models. We show how bias impacts in the activations of gender detection models based on face images. We finally propose InsideBias, a novel method to detect biased models. InsideBias is based on how the models represent the information instead of how they perform, which is the normal practice in other existing methods for bias detection. Our strategy with InsideBias allows to detect biased models with very few samples (only 15 images in our case study). Our experiments include 72K face images from 24K identities and 3 ethnic groups.

Learning Emotional Blinded Face Representations

Alejandro Peña Almansa, Julian Fierrez, Agata Lapedriza, Aythami Morales
Track 2: Biometrics, Human Analysis and Behavior Understanding
Tue 12 Jan 2021 at 17:00 in session PS T2.1

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Auto-TLDR; Blind Face Representations for Emotion Recognition

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This work proposes two new face representations that are blind to the expressions associated to emotional responses. This work is in part motivated by new international regulations for personal data protection, which force data controllers to protect any kind of sensitive information involved in automatic processes. The advances in affective computing have contributed to improve human-machine interfaces, but at the same time, the capacity to monitorize emotional responses trigger potential risks for humans, both in terms of fairness and privacy. We propose two different methods to learn these facial expression blinded features. We show that it is possible to eliminate information related to emotion recognition tasks, while the performance of subject verification, gender recognition, and ethnicity classification are just slightly affected. We also present an application to train fairer classifiers over a protected facial expression attribute. The results demonstrate that it is possible to reduce emotional information in the face representation while retaining competitive performance in other face-based artificial intelligence tasks.