Linda Shapiro

Papers from this author

Classify Breast Histopathology Images with Ductal Instance-Oriented Pipeline

Beibin Li, Ezgi Mercan, Sachin Mehta, Stevan Knezevich, Corey Arnold, Donald Weaver, Joann Elmore, Linda Shapiro
Track 3: Computer Vision Robotics and Intelligent Systems
Wed 13 Jan 2021 at 16:30 in session PS T3.6

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Auto-TLDR; DIOP: Ductal Instance-Oriented Pipeline for Diagnostic Classification

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In this study, we propose the Ductal Instance-Oriented Pipeline (DIOP) that contains a duct-level instance segmentation model, a tissue-level semantic segmentation model, and three-levels of features for diagnostic classification. Based on recent advancements in instance segmentation and the Mask R-CNN model, our duct-level segmenter tries to identify each ductal individual inside a microscopic image; then, it extracts tissue-level information from the identified ductal instances. Leveraging three levels of information obtained from these ductal instances and also the histopathology image, the proposed DIOP outperforms previous approaches (both feature-based and CNN-based) in all diagnostic tasks; for the four-way classification task, the DIOP achieves comparable performance to general pathologists in this unique dataset. The proposed DIOP only takes a few seconds to run in the inference time, which could be used interactively on most modern computers. More clinical explorations are needed to study the robustness and generalizability of this system in the future.

Leveraging Unlabeled Data for Glioma Molecular Subtype and Survival Prediction

Nicholas Nuechterlein, Beibin Li, Mehmet Saygin Seyfioglu, Sachin Mehta, Patrick Cimino, Linda Shapiro
Track 5: Image and Signal Processing
Tue 12 Jan 2021 at 17:00 in session PS T5.1

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Auto-TLDR; Multimodal Brain Tumor Segmentation Using Unlabeled MR Data and Genomic Data for Cancer Prediction

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In this paper, we address two long-standing challenges in neuro-oncology: (1) how to leverage large amounts of unlabeled magnetic resonance (MR) imaging data for radiogenomic tasks and (2) how to unite glioma MR imaging with genomic data. We examine multi-parametric MR data from 542 patients in the combined training, validation, and testing sets of the 2018 Multimodal Brain Tumor Segmentation Challenge and somatic copy number alteration (SCNA) data from 1090 patients in The Cancer Genome Archive's (TCGA) lower-grade glioma and glioblastoma projects. We propose a novel application of multi-task learning (MTL) that leverages unlabeled MR data by jointly learning tumor segmentation masks with glioma molecular subtype markers and allows for SCNA input when available. There are 235 patients in the intersection of these MR and SCNA datasets, which we divide into an unlabeled training set, a labeled training set, and a validation set. Our MTL model significantly outperforms comparable classification models trained only on labeled MR data for both IDH1/2 mutation and 1p/19q co-deletion glioma subtype marker prediction tasks. We also observe that models trained on genomic and imaging data improve survival prediction results achieved by models trained on either alone. We will release our source code for future research.